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You can find lots of inform​ation regarding menopause, menopause signs, menopause, menopause counseling details, gynecology aspects, what women experience when they recognize that they have signs of menopause, what to do when they feel something different about their period irregularities, and menopause-related conditions.


Also, it is prepared frequently asked questions about menopause for you to find a perfect path for you. You can check menopause questions, and also you can book an appointment for menopause counseling with MD. Kubra Altintas to get rid of all questions that appeared in your mind about menopause and hormone replacement therapy.


Gynecologist in Dubai, and Hormone Replacement Therapy specialist MD. Kubra Altintas can help you as a hormone specialist in Dubai. 

What is Menopause?

Menopause is a time period when women don’t have menstrual bleeding for one year. At that time they start to have some menstrual irregularities, and menstrual periods start to come less frequent than before. Rarely periods can cease suddenly.


Menopause is a period of a woman's life that occurs usually after 45 years old, because of a lack of estrogen and other sex hormones.

However, menopause can come before 40 years of age and that is known as premature menopause.

What is The Reason of Menopause?

Menopause is a result of a lack of sex hormones in the body by aging Women experience menopause when her ovaries cease to produce hormones and it leads no longer to ovulation.


Sometimes premature / Early menopause can occur due to surgeries, cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy. In many cases, there is no clear reason.

What Are Symptoms of The Menopause?

Menopause symptoms range differ from mild to severe and can affect some women’s daily activities.




  • Vaginal Dryness and Painful Sexual Intercourse

  • Low Sexual Desire

  • Low Mood-Anxiety

  • Sleeping Problems

  • Hot Flashes

  • Brain Fog-Concentration Problems


Signs of menopause can start months, even years before cessation of the menstrual period.

Also, menopause symptoms may help it into three menopause stages:

  • Perimenopause

  • Menopause

  • Postmenopause

What Are The Symptoms of Perimenopause?

The onset of perimenopause starts several years before menopause itself & is characterized by a reduction in the amount of estrogen produced in the body. The perimenopause stage lasts until the ovaries stop releasing eggs. The early stage of menopause is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Sleep Irregularities 

  • Breast pain - sore breast problems

  • Irregular periods

  • Cold Sweats at cold

  • Hot Flashes

  • Vaginal dryness

  • Sensitive Mood caused by hormonal fluctuations

  • Sedentary metabolism & weight gain

  • Brittle, thinning hair, & dry skin

Post Menopause Symptoms

Because menstruation occurs on a monthly basis (between 28 and 32 days on average), a woman is considered post-menopausal if she has not menstruated for more than 12 months. While menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes subside during this stage, the health risks associated with estrogen deficiency can worsen as you age.

Among the latter signs of menopause are:

  • Muscle pain

  • Loss Hair

  • Headaches 

  • Joint aches

  • Depression

  • Concentration

  • Palpitations

  • Exhaustion

How Long Do Menopause Symptoms Last?

Menopause symptoms might last anywhere from one to ten years. However, most people have had the symptoms for less than five years. HOW IS PREMATURE MENOPAUSE DIAGNOSED? If your periods become sporadic or cease before the age of 40, and/or you suffer menopausal symptoms, you should consult your doctor. To assist diagnose premature menopause, you will be given blood tests to analyze your hormone levels. Two blood tests, 4-6 weeks apart, are used to make the diagnosis.

Risk of Premature Menopause?

You are likely to experience menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and mood swings. In addition, there is an increased chance of acquiring osteoporosis and cardiac problems later in life. If left untreated, osteoporosis can result in shattered bones. Premature menopause will have an impact on your fertility and chances of getting pregnant.

Regular screenings such as mammograms may be recommended by your healthcare practitioner, as well as extra examinations such as blood tests, colonoscopy, triglyceride screening, thyroid test, and pelvic evaluations. If you are having menopausal symptoms before the age of 45, you should consult a doctor. A blood test to determine your hormone levels may be required to rule out any other underlying issues. You can book an appointment for MD. Kubra Altintas to avoid risks of menopause period.  

Treatment of Menopause

There are different and alternative methods to evaluate menopause symptoms. This is a period that is to be considered with different aspects. For this purpose, it is easy to understand and feel better when you feel comfortable. MD. Kubra Altintas is with you to choose which path or paths should be chosen and applicable to your situation of menopause. 

  • Hormone Procedures

  • Non-Hormonal Procedures

  • Non-Surgical Laser 

  • Radio Frequency Method


  • Life Style Changes

  • BTL Emsella

  • Fillers PRP / Hyaluronic Acid

There are a variety of medications that help ease symptoms such as hot flushes. Your individual symptoms may cover them, or not. For non-surgical procedures, you can learn radiofrequency, non surgical laser, and fillers from MD. Kubra Altintas in details. Also, there is High Intensity Focused Electromagnetic technology (HIFEM), and BTL Emsella. There are lots of nonsurgical procedures for menopause. Also, there are injections such as anti-aging concerns. 

HRT Types  

The selection of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is based on the specific circumstances of the individual. For individuals having a uterus, the recommended hormone replacement therapy (HRT) would consist of a combination of estrogen and progesterone, commonly referred to as combined HRT. This combination consists of estrogen and progesterone. The administration of estrogen can be considered alone to have the potential to induce abnormal hypertrophy of the endometrial lining, thereby resulting in hemorrhagic episodes. 


The addition of progesterone has the potential to prevent this from happening. Progestogen can be administered through various methods such as oral tablets, transdermal patches, or intrauterine devices containing the hormone.

In the event that an individual initiates combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT) prior to menopause onset or within a year of their last menstrual cycle, a "cyclical" combined HRT regimen will be recommended. This particular approach is intended to provide individuals with predictable monthly withdrawal bleeds.

You may be eligible for 'continuous' combined HRT (bleed-free HRT) if you begin treatment for a menopausal symptom more than 12 months after your last menstruation. In the first three months, you may experience vaginal bleeding, but it should stop after that.

Women who have undergone a hysterectomy are typically prescribed hormone replacement therapy (HRT) consisting only of estrogen.

Postmenopausal women experiencing a decrease in libido may be presented with the option of receiving testosterone supplementation. This hormone is associated with sexual desire in individuals of both males and females. You can find further information about HRT and HRT Types directly from MD. Kubra Altintas.

Is HRT Safe or Not? 

There is an impact comes from Hormone Replacement Therapy, and it is the importnat to to be invNumerous studies have been conducted globally to investigate the impact of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on women's health. The findings indicate that HRT is efficacious and generally well-tolerated by the majority of women.

What are the Benefits of HRT?

There are different types of benefits that exist for HRT. You can find benefits of HRT as summarised as seen below: 

  • Reduces night sweats and hot flashes

  • Enhances the quality of sleep

  • Alleviates joint pain and muscle aches

  • Minimizes the risk of heart disease

  • Enhance intimate relationships

  • Optimizes  fat loss and muscle tone

  • Reduces skin wrinkles

  • Enhance moods and energy levels, 

  • Prevents osteoporosis

  • Boost memory and concentration

  • Boost of strength

  • Prevents thinning and dryness in women's intimate area

  • Facilitates the process of hair regeneration of the scalp

What are the Risks of HRT?

  • Hormone replacement therapy involving the administration of oestrogen alone, which is typically prescribed for women without a uterus, is linked to a minimal or insignificant elevation in the risk of breast cancer.

  • The administration of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) comprising synthetic estrogen and synthetic progestogen has been associated with an elevated risk of breast cancer. The probability of this risk increases proportionally with the duration of HRT usage and decreases upon cessation of HRT.

  • The likelihood of an individual developing breast cancer is dependent on various underlying risk factors, including but not limited to body weight, drinking habits, and smoking habits.

  • The administration of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in tablet form has been found to elevate the likelihood of thrombus formation, whereas this risk is not observed when HRT is administered through a patch or gel.

  • The administration of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the form of tablets has been found to marginally elevate the likelihood of experiencing a stroke. However, it is important to note that the general risk of stroke remains minimal of individuals who are under 60 years of age. On your medical history and lifestyle factors to determine the most appropriate course of action for your healthcare needs.

You can Book Your Appointment for MD. Kubra and understand the details of whats menopause, whats HRT, benefits of HRT, Risks of HRT, signs of menopause, treatment of menopause, menopause causes, how to understand signs of menopause, etc. Do not postpone yourself.

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